Devon Wrestling  - the Baker Brothers of Bow

Devon Wrestling was unusual in that contestants were allowed to kick each other below the knees. They wore shoes and shin pads (gaiters) (unlike their Cornish counterparts who generally fought barefoot, without any kicking). Contestants wore canvas shirts; the aim was to throw the opponent onto his back. Contests would generally progress through heats, sometimes lasting over several days. Devon Wrestling died out around the end of the nineteenth century.

The most famous Devon wrestler was undoubtedly Abraham Cann (1794-1864) of Colebrooke. He was champion of Devon in the 1820’s. He ran an Exeter pub, previously called "The Woolpack", which he renamed the “Champion’s Arms”, and which he decorated with a full length likeness of himself above the door.

William Wreford (1793-1866), born in Morchard Bishop but who later lived in Tiverton, was another talented wrestler of that period.

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Between 1852 and 1860 there was an annual wrestling contest in July or August held at the White Hart in Bow

Shoes and shin pads were provided.




In 1855 two of the contestants were admitted to the Devon and Exeter Hospital, one with a dislocated shoulder, the other with a fractured thigh.

During the 1870’s Devon Wrestling enjoyed a revival; several of the wrestlers of that time were farm workers, born and brought up in Bow.  

For instance in May 1870 six men from Bow competed at Exeter. Three came home with prizes. R. Baker won the first the £20 prize; young Lee, the third, Pike the fifth.

William and Mary Baker ran a small farm, East Langford in Bow. From about 1863 they lived at the larger Coxmoor Farm (previously the home of William Langman).

Their son Robert was born in Bow in 1846, and was to become Bow's most famous wrestler. He married Annie Honeychurch in Spreyton in 1870; they had four daughters and a son. In 1871 he became landlord of the seven bedroom Angel Hotel in Crediton, with stabling for 30 horses, (opposite the Ship Hotel) on the High Street. In May that year he staged a five day wrestling tournament, in the garden behind the hotel.

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In 1873 Baker beat Joseph Milton (who injured his shoulder in a fall) to win the championship belt in Exeter. That year he moved from Crediton to Exeter and managed the Foresters’ Arms in Commercial Road for five years, where he also staged wrestling contests. Later he took on the licence of “The Grapes” at the top of South Street.

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Robert Baker (with blond hair) about to throw Samuel Oliver at Exeter in 1875. (Note the shoes and shin pads. The Cathedral is in the background.)